The Netherlands is a relatively small but charming modern European country in the low-lying river delta of northwestern Europe. Its landscape of famously flat lands, much of it reclaimed from the sea, is dotted with windmills, blooming tulip fields and picturesque villages. With over 16 million people living in an small area is the Netherlands one of the most densely populated countries in the world. No matter where you go, you are never far away from civilization. Still, even the largest of its cities have retained a rather laid-back small-town atmosphere and many are packed with historic heritage. The country is commonly referred to as Holland, but this name technically refers only to two of its twelve provinces and is unpopular among the majority of the population. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. With more than one million inhabitants in its urban area, it is the country's largest city and its financial, cultural, and creative center. Amsterdam is colloquially known as Venice of the North, because of its lovely canals that criss-cross the city, its impressive architecture and more than 1.500 bridges. There is something for every traveler's taste here, whether you prefer culture and history, serious partying, or just the relaxing charm of an old European city.